Welcome to Dr. Kate Brilakis' Learning Portal

               phylum porifera:
slide 1.
Grantia  w.m.- preserved slide;           4x: slide your stage back and             forth so you can draw the entire         length of the organism. Label             the osculum 


​slide 2.
Grantia l.s – preserved slide
    draw and label the choanocytes         with flagella at (40x).
Q: What is the function of the choanocytes?  


​3. glass sponge.    
a) Draw the glass sponge.    

​b) Draw and label Grantia spicules that came from the glass sponge; prepared slide  10x.


4. commercial sponge.
a. Draw the large commercial sponge. Label osculum and ostia. 

b) Draw and label the spongin fibers that make up a commercial sponge;  w.m “sponge skeleton” slide. 10x. 

           lum Platyhelminthes
             Class Turbellaria

8. Prepare and draw a live specimen of a Planarian in a dish, 4x.
Label eyespots, auricles. Use a dissecting scope. 

9. Draw and label the indicated parts on the Planarian model. 


             Class Trematoda
10. Draw the preserved specimen of a sheep liver fluke. Indicate the anterior end and label suckers. 

11. Draw both of the sheep fluke larval stages; the radiae and cercaria: 10x.



                Class Cestoda
12. Draw and label the tapeworm scolex. w.m. 10x. label the hooks.


13. Draw the tapeworm w.m prepared slide composite. 4X
Do three drawings and label
a.) first segment:  immature proglottids,
b.) second segment:  mature proglottids with gonads,
c.) third segment:  gravid proglottids with eggs. 

phylum cnidaria

more Kingdom Animalia invertebrates:
phylum annelida
phylum mollusca

phylum arthropoda
phylum echinodermata

​and then there are the
Kingdom Animalia chordates:
phylum chordata

Phylum Rotifera
rotifers are microscopic, multicellular, organisms that are currently under taxonomic revision. 

phylum arthropoda

Phylum Platyhelminthes

Kingdom Animalia includes
​ several phyla:
​Phylum Porifera
Phylum Cnidaria
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Phylum Nematoda
Phylum Annelida
Phylum Arthropoda
Phylum Mollusca
Phylum Echinodermata
​Phylum Chordata

except members of
Phylum Chordate
​are invertebrates

phylum porifera

phylum echinodermata

phylum mollusca

phylum annelida

    Phylum Nematoda

14. Draw and label Dirofilaria immitis (dog heartworm), and red blood cells from a prepared slide. 40x. 


15. Draw the preserved specimen of Ascaris (parasitic nematode). Draw and be able to distinguish between male and female 


​16. Draw encysted Trichinella in pork muscle, w.m prepared slide. 10x. Label the muscle, cyst and nematode.  


​17. Draw the live specimen of a free-living nematode. 10x.

​Q: Why do nematodes move in a whip-like fashion?
Nematodes move by contracting their longitudinal muscles which causes their bodies to flex laterally. 

class bivavlia

class cephalopoda

                    phylum cnidaria
​5. Hydra w.m. – preserved slide or live in concave slide; 4X - label tentacles, mouth, basal disc. 
Q: What are the stinging cells called?


​6. Obelia is a dimorphic Cnidarian with both polyps and medusa in its life cycle. 
Draw the Obelia polyps w.m. slide; 4/10x
Label the feeding hydranth polyp and tentacles.
Label the reproductive gonangium polyp.
Q: What are inside the gonangium polyps? 


​7. Sea Anemone dissected specimen: Draw and label pharynx, pedal disk, oral disk, and tentacles. 
Q: What other animals are in the Phylum Cnidaria? 


class gastropoda

    Phylum Rotifera
18. draw the live specimen of a rotifer. 10x Label corona, cilia, foot
(corona = a rotating structure covered with cilia)

Phylum Nematoda

Kingdom Animalia:

phylum chordata