Welcome to Dr. Kate Brilakis' Learning Portal

  Lower Tract

 There is a thin area of muscle at the back of the Triangle of Auscultation so it is easier to hear respiratory sounds at this location with a stethoscope. To facilitate hearing respiratory sounds, (since the triangle of auscultation is covered by the scapula bone), you would ask patients to fold their arms across their chest as they bent forward. 

lung volumes:
‚Äčknow IRV, Vt, ERV, and vital capacity

<smoker's lung/ healthy lung>

     Fetal Pig           Respiratory          System

 We can do an additional review Tuesday 10/27 after our virtual class. 

nasal cavity
nasal conchae
nasal septum
frontal/ ethmoid/ sphenoid sinuses
hard palate
soft palate
lingual/palantine/pharngeal tonsils
naso/oro/laryngo pharynx
auditory tube in nasopharynx
hyoid bone
thyroid gland
cricoid/thyroid/arytenoid cartilage
vocal folds
trachea with cartilage
trachealis muscle
primary/secondary/tertiary bronchi
lung w/lobes/fissures/apex/cardiac notch

    Respiratory Function

hard palate
soft palate
thyroid gland
epiglottis covering the glottis
trachea (ventral to esophagus) 
primary bronchi
lungs (seven lobes in piggies vs five in humans)

    1. auscultating respiratory sounds

    2. respiratory volumes

    List of required structures on models


    List of required structures on pigs

  Lab: Respiratory System 

  Upper Tract